Today the topic is the comparison between two Operating Systems, one is free which is Ubuntu and the other is the latest product of Microsoft which is Windows 7.Here , i am comparing these two operating systems with respect to the keyboard shortcut keys.You can also use your mouse but some people like to use shortcut keys like me.I am not giving you the tutorial how to use it ,only giving the shortcut keys , which will be very useful for beginners of Ubuntu and also for Windows 7 in future.The shortcut keys of Ubuntu are following:
This part contains the shortcut keys of managing the the parts of the desktop like windows and menu bar.
Alt + F1 – Open the Applications menu
Alt + F2 – Run an application by typing its name in the box which appears
Prt Sc – (Print Screen) Take a screenshot of the whole screen
Alt + Prt Sc – Take a screenshot of the current window
Alt + Tab - Switch between currently-open windows. Press Alt + Tab and then release Tab(but continue to hold Alt). Press Tab repeatedly to cycle through the list of available windows which appears on the screen. Release the Alt key to switch to the selected window
Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right Cursor – Lets you quickly switch between your Workspaces.
These might not work on every machine, but are reasonably common:
Alt+F7 Moves the current window (can be moved with mouse or keyboard).
Alt+F8 Resizes current window (again,can be moved with mouse or keyboard).
Alt+F9 Minimises current window.
Alt+F10 Maximises current window.
Alt+Space Brings up window menu with with ‘Always on Top’ and ‘Minimise’ and ‘Maximise’ and above commands.
These might change depending on the application you’re using, but work for most common applications:
Alt+F5 Returns window to ‘normal’ or previous size.
Alt+F4 Closes window.
Desktop Effects enabled shortcuts
All of the shortcuts listed in this section require Desktop Effects to be enabled.
Ctrl + Alt + Left/Right Cursor – Spins the ‘cube’ that your workspaces reside on, allowing you to select the workspace you wish to use.
Ctrl + Alt + Up Cursor -Enables an ‘expose’ like feature that presents you with all the windows you currently have open, allowing you to select the one you wish to give focus to.
Ctrl + Alt + Down Cursor -Unfolds your workspace cube allowing you to see more than one of your workspaces at once, using the left and right cursor keys with this active will allow you to select the workspace you wish to use.
Common application shortcuts
These shortcuts do not apply in all applications, but usually perform the functions listed below.
Ctrl + C – Copy the selected text/object
Ctrl + X – Cut the selected text/object
Ctrl + V- Paste/insert the selected text/object Ctrl + A – Select all text
Ctrl + B – Make the selected text bold
Ctrl + I – Make the selected text italic
Ctrl + U – Underline the selected text
Ctrl + N – Open a new document or window
Ctrl + S – Save the current document
Ctrl + O – Open another document
Ctrl + P – Print the current document
Ctrl + Z – Undo the last change you made
Ctrl + Shift + Z – Redo a change that you just undid
Some of these shortcuts will restart important parts of your system. Only use them if you have to.
Ctrl + Alt + Delete – Restart the computer immediately, without saving open files
Ctrl + Alt + Backspace – Restart X (the display manager) and display the login screen
Ctrl + Alt + Plus (numeric keypad) – Rotate through supported screen resolutions
Ctrl + Alt + Minus (numeric keypad) – Rotate backwards through supported screen resolutions A list of low-level keyboard shortcuts is available on Wikipedia.
Firefox Web Browser
Ctrl + T – Open a new tab
Ctrl + Tab – Rotate through each tab
Ctrl + Shift + Tab – Rotate backwards through each tab
Ctrl + W – Close the current tab (or browser if on last tab)
Ctrl + L – Enter a new web address
Ctrl + B – Show a list of your bookmarks
Ctrl + H – Show your browsing history
Ctrl + K – Enter a new web search in the search bar
Ctrl + Y – Show a list of downloaded files
F11 – Display the current page full-screen
Esc – Stop loading the current page
Ctrl + R – Reload the current page
These might not work for everyone, but can help with accessibility issues:
Alt Gr+Space Scrolls current tab/window down.
Alt Gr+Backspace Scrolls current tab/window up. You may find Alt Gr+Shift+Space works if Alt Gr+Backspace does not. If you don’t have Alt Gr, it might be labelled something else. It’s usually to the right of the space bar. See Firefox Help for a full list of keyboard shortcuts.
F7 – Check the spelling of the current document
Ctrl + F – Find and replace words
Ctrl + Z – Undo the last change
Ctrl + Y – Redo a change which you just undid
Ctrl + L – Align the current paragraph/selection to the left
Ctrl + E – Align the current paragraph/selection to the center of the document
Ctrl + R - Align the current paragraph/selection to the right
Ctrl + Shift + J - Show the current document full-screen
Press Tools -> Customize… -> Keyboard to change keyboard shortcuts in OpenOffice
The shortcut keys of Windows 7 Beta are following:
Win+Up – Maximize
Win+Down – Restore / Minimize
Win+Left – Snap to left
Win+Right – Snap to right
Win+Shift+Left – Jump to left monitor
Win+Shift+Right – Jump to right monitor
Win+Home – Minimize / Restore all other windows
Win+T - Focus the first taskbar entryPressing again will cycle through them, you can can arrow around.Win+Shift+T cycles backwards.
Win+Space – Peek at the desktop
Win+G – Bring gadgets to the top of the Z-order
Win+P – External display options (mirror, extend desktop, etc)
Win+X -Mobility Center (same as Vista, but still handy!)
Win+# (# = a number key) – Launches a new instance of the application in the Nth slot on the taskbar.Example: Win+1 launches first pinned app, Win+2 launches second, etc.
Win + +Win + -(plus or minus key) – Zoom in or out.
Alt+P – Show/hide Preview Pane
Shift + Click on icon – Open a new instance
Middle click on icon – Open a new instance
Ctrl + Shift + Click on icon – Open a new instance with Admin privileges
Shift + Right-click on icon – Show window menu (Restore / Minimize / Move / etc)
Note: Normally you can just right-click on the window thumbnail to get this menu.
Shift + Right-click on grouped icon – Menu with Restore All / Minimize All / Close All, etc.
Ctrl + Click on grouped icon – Cycle between the windows (or tabs) in the group
Note:If you guys want to see more shortcut keys of Windows 7 so you have go to the Microsoft Website where you can see more shortcut keys.For the time being , these are the important keyboard shortcut keys.